14th December 2020

why did the statue of liberty turn green

Watch the first video in our series “When Did The Statue of Liberty Turn Green? The photo to the right shows a replica of the statue and what the Statue of Liberty’s original color would look like. : The Statue of Liberty has that lovely green patina because it’s made of copper. In fact, it rusted enough for it to turn green. Over the next 30 years, though, it slowly turned to the green color you see today. When did the Statue of Liberty turn green? Did you know the Statue of Liberty wasn't always green? When the statue was first inaugurated, its appearance was a dark-brownish metallic color. The true color of the Statue of Liberty before patination was a shiny reddish brown color. Her color change is thanks to about 30 years’ worth of chemistry in the air of New York City harbor. When the statue was originally assembled, it was a dull brown color, reflecting the natural color of its copper plates. the Statue of Liberty is green because it has been there for a long time. We'll do our best to answer your question...that's what Wonder Friends are for! Through one hundred years of biting sea winds, driving rains and beating sun, the copper skin of the Statue of Liberty not only has grown more beautiful but also has remained virtually intact. That's some pretty cool info, Kinnadee! :-), Welcome, Debra! Since metal rusts, the Statue of Liberty also rusted. It came in 350 pieces packed into 214 crates. We know it was green by 1920. Don’t miss our special deals, gifts and promotions. :), Hi, mcgamer! *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Statue of Liberty is green because of a natural weathering process of air and water on copper called oxidation. We are very proud of all the WONDERing you've been doing about the Statue of Liberty! Luckily, no. When this was mixed with copper oxides on the statue, it began to turn its distinctive green color. Did they build it from copper intentionally to have that effect or did they get halfway through building it then realise, oh crap, it's going green, lets carry on and pretend it was meant to do that . :-), Hi, Susan! We're THRILLED you're WONDERing with us! The Statue of Liberty’s exterior is made of copper, and it turned that shade of green because of oxidation. Standing like a green beacon of hope, holding her torch so proudly, many people have wondered what makes Lady Liberty the shade of green she is today. Your wonder friend TJ :), I didn't know that the green is not paint! We're glad you liked it! I've heard the outer layers of the statue were made of copper, which, I would assume, always turns green … 2. For inspiration, be sure to search though our Wonders! The Statue of Liberty is made out of coppler plates, and over the years, the natural weathering process called oxidation took place when air and water reacted with the copper plates. Everyone says the statue designer intended for it to patina eventually. The Statue of Liberty holds a torch in her left hand, in the spirit of Auguste Bartholdi, it must be real, ie illuminate to direct the boats to the port of New York. What have you been WONDERing about? We hope you had fun on your trip to the Statue of Liberty. Let us know what you learn! In fact, copper is the same material used to make pennies. The Statue of Liberty's torch is a symbol of enlightenment. I always wanted to go to New York the big city. Currently, the Statue of Liberty is green in color. :), Hi, ao! Wow! But, bad news. :-), You can surely write your own full-length Wonder and make/submit a video if you want to (we think that would be AWESOME, by the way), but you can also just let us know the idea of what you're wondering about in a few short words! Sounds like it's time for you to take a Wonder Journey! 2014–2020 © National Center for Families Learning, http://www.wonderopolis.org/wonder/why-is-the-statue-of-liberty-green, © National Center for Families Learning (NCFL). Did they know the statue of liberty would go green when they built it? Built in France, the statue is made of hundreds of thin copper sheets assembled on a frame of steel supports. The skin of the statue is copper. You can also keep researching at your library and online! i know why the statue of liberty is green is becuse at first she was copper but then the weathering came and it turned the brown copper into green copper, 1. :), Thanks for sharing your comment with us, Monika! Why did they let the Statue of liberty turn green? By 1906, the color had changed to green. Thanks for sharing, Onteonah! For more than twenty years, the Statue of Liberty, originally known as "Liberty Enlightening the World," was dark brown, only changing to its familiar verdant hue close to the time of America's entry into the First World War. Thank you for today's wonder!! Chemical reactions produce new substances. :), Thanks for telling us you think Wonderopolis is the best, Alexia! This process is known as patination and occurs with most copper when it’s placed outside. We want to do some more research on this now! Hard to picture a bronze-colored Statue of Liberty! :), Hi, Atalia! The Statue of Liberty is an iconic blue-green symbol of freedom. If left exposed to the air again, it will quickly react to form the dull greenish copper oxide layer. Something strikes me as odd. Over time, the weathering of the copper created a thin layer of copper carbonate called a patina. If so, did they really intend for it to patina? http://www.history.com/videos/statue-of-liberty-deconstructed#statue-of-liberty-deconstructed, Great site with tons of good material. : And 101 Other Questions about New York City by Nina Nazionale. :), Hi TJ, thanks for sharing your comment. The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbor on June 19, 1885. The Statue itself, a symbol of Democracy given to America by France in 1885, who was fighting for it’s own independence, was truly a feat of its time. That's a great question, cool kid. There are so many interesting facts about the Statue of Liberty, aren't there? Thanks for stopping by today...have fun exploring Wonderopolis! ANSWER 0 grrrrrr ANSWERS: 4. We appreciate your comment! a salt or ester of carbonic acid (containing the anion CO3), an arbitrary sign (written or printed) that has acquired a conventional significance, the condition of being free; the power to act or speak or think without externally imposed restraints, a sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo, a sculpture representing a human or animal, a fine coating of oxide on the surface of a metal, a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor, the process of oxidizing; the addition of oxygen to a compound with a loss of electrons; always occurs accompanied by reduction, a structure supporting or containing something, a writer of poems (the term is usually reserved for writers of good poetry), http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/gilded/jb_gilded_liberty_1.html, http://www.nps.gov/stli/historyculture/index.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Liberty. This article discusses why the Statue of Liberty is green. How come it couldn't have been a man or a child? We are undergoing some spring clearing site maintenance and need to temporarily disable the commenting feature. My teacher showed a video, "America the Story of Us", last week. :-), Awesome! A patina is a thin layer that has formed on the surface of your copper penny from “weathering” and oxidization from the chemical process we just put the penny through. Hi, Ethan! :), Hi, AJ! Tell everybody about Wonderopolis and its wonders. The Statue of Liberty was erected in 1886. French copper workers would have known about the oxidization of copper from roofs, pigments, and other applications. The 151-foot tall statue has become a worldwide symbol of freedom and democracy. The Statue of Liberty will be green for years and years to come, the statue is protected by the patina formed. When Did the Statue of Liberty Begin to Turn Green, and How Long Did it Take? For more than twenty years, the Statue of Liberty, originally known as "Liberty Enlightening the World," was dark brown, only changing to its familiar verdant hue close to the time of America's entry into the First World War. Pennies which have been left in water slowly start to turn the same shade of green which is observed in the Statue of Liberty. The patina, or oxidized green layer, is view as a good thing. But did you know she wasn’t always that color? Who designed the support structure for the Statue of Liberty? What kinds of fun games are you playing to keep you busy during these thunderstorms? Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me. We encourage you to keep researching about its history at the library and online! The entire appeal of copper is the green patina that forms on it - mostly copper carbonate. It was an amazing class of the world. Thanks for visiting! ;( The Statue of Liberty turned green due to a natural weathering process called oxidation. You have answered 0 of 3 questions correctly and your score is: Subscribe to Wonderopolis and receive Over the next three decades, the statue slowly began to change color. Copper atoms from the statue mix with the carbon, hydrogen, oxygen,which creates hydroxycarbonate...oxidized copper which turns green. Leaving Lady Liberty out in the air has had an oxidising effect and over the course of its first thirty years transformed its appearance. The air and water reacted with the copper metal and resulted in oxidation. : And 101 Other Questions About New York City [Library, The Staff of the New-York Historical Society, Nazionale, Nina, Ashton, Jean, Burns, Ric] on Amazon.com. Over the next 30 years, it slowly looked to the iconic blue-green colour. Let’s think about the different types of material you worked with and their properties. Thanks, Maddbear4! Be the first to know! However, because some rain has acid from pollution in it, the rain speeds up the reaction (just as the vinegar caused the reaction with the penny). Such fun! The Statue of Liberty was erected in 1886. The pedestal stands 154 feet tall, making the top of the torch 305 feet above ground level. Thanks for reading all about Lady Liberty-- and we hope to see you soon! Will the green stay there forever? Her color change is thanks to about 30 years’ worth of chemistry in the air of New York City harbor. Thanks so much for your great comment! The Statue of Liberty is made of 3/32-inch thick sheets of copper, the size of 2 US pennies stacked together. The true color of the Statue of Liberty before patination was a shiny reddish brown color. We will see you soon, Wonder Friend! Copper reacts with the air to form a patina or verdigris. Its inner frame is made of iron. The Statue of Liberty's home is Bedloe's Island (renamed Liberty Island in 1956). 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